Emotional Well being
Setting and living in accord with one’s purpose has been proven to enhance psychological, physical, and social well-being.Positive psychology studies the ways people achieve happiness and optimal mental wellbeing. Psychologist Martin Seligman, one of the founders of positive psychology together with Mihaly Csikszentmihaly says that in order to attain one’s happiness, one should identify his strengths and use them; Seligman calls them signature strengths. Positive psychology describes the factors that bring wellness to an individual, family and community.Park, Peterson and Seligman (2004) proposed six universal virtues along with 24 signature character strengths that represent positive traits and contribute to satisfaction and meaning in life. Seligman suggests that people who strive to achieve the six universal virtues will live a more fulfilled and happy life and that leads to a probability of a better health and well-being.
The virtues identified most strongly correlated with life satisfaction and psychological well-being are : Hope, Zest/Passion, Gratitude, Love and Curiosity. Agreeableness and Extraversion are related to better life satisfaction. (Park, Peterson & Seligman, 2004).
Positive psychological states contribute to our well-being and they are influenced by social and environmental factors such as interpersonal relationships and social networks.
It is very valuable for the students to discover their strengths using the VIA survey offered by the VIA Institute on Character (2015) and created by Martin Seligman. In the book “Character, Strengths and Virtues “ (2004) Christopher Peterson and Martin Seligman encourage us to identify our strengths and use them in order to increase our well-being. They describe 6 classes of virtues : Hope, Faith, Charity, Wisdom, Justice, Courage, Moderation. Moderation can be achieved through self-restraint, nonviolence, forgiveness, humility, modesty, prudence, calmness, self-control. The six virtues are made up of 24 measurable character strengths.